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Home Journal Index 2020-2

美国大学生以中文为目的语的海外实习研究

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熊文
北卡莱纳温斯顿塞雷姆州立大学,美国


摘要
本研究以十一名美国大学生提交的三个中文实习报告为依据,对他们在中国为期半年的实习收获进行了研究。研究的数据采集于前后五年之间,学生均为工程学+中文,或者商科+中文的双学位学生,分别在中国五个不同的职场实习(含大学实验室、中外合资公司、酒店和工厂)。研究采用叙事分析的定性研究方法,对学生个体的叙事文本报告进行了整理、归纳和深度解析,以期了解和评估长期海外实习对美国大学生的中文表达能力、专业能力、跨文化职场交际能力产生的影响,发现在此过程中个人成长的证据,以便为中文教育的国际化提供依据,对基于内容的中高年级课程和专业化汉语教学提供课程设置的参考,对培养学生使用中文进行职业化交际能力的培养提供指导性建议,也为同类项目的设置和评估提供实践和理论依据。


关键词
海外实习,中文表达能力,专业能力,跨文化职场交际能力

 

Research on American College Students' Overseas Internship Using Chinese as the Target Language

Wen Xiong
Winston Salem State University, USA

Abstract
This research studies the half-year overseas internships of 11 American college students in the Chinese speaking community by analyzing their three internship reports written in Chinese. The data for the study were collected across five years. The students who participated in the overseas' internships are all double majors either in engineering or business, plus a B.A. degree in Chinese, and interned at five different representative professional settings, including university labs, joint-venture companies, a business and residential hotel, and a factory. The research employs the qualitative Narrative Analysis methodology to re-organize, summarize and analyze in-depth the students' internship reports in an attempt to understand and evaluate the impacts of long-term overseas internships on students’ language skills, professional experiences, and cross-cultural competence, as well as their self-growth. This study provides insights into preparing the young generation for the ever-changing world with language education, sheds light on the pedagogies of language cross-curriculum and teaching Chinese for specific purposes, and provides the data for setting up or evaluating a similar program if needed.


Keywords
Overseas internship, language ability, professional experience, cross-cultural competence